Throughout the Ottoman Empire, a key objective of education was to raise 'excellent Muslims'. Thus there was a need for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Faith Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were integrated to form the concrete origins of today's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Unification of Educational Instruction was passed, replacing the existing, mainly sectarian educational system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The new law brought all educational institutions under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Professors of Faith at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), unique schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the brand-new Ministry of National Education. Nevertheless, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Professors of Divinity was eliminated.
In contrast to the exclusively secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican politician People's Celebration (CHP) spiritual education was reinstated in 1948. This consisted of the facility of a Professors of Faith at the University of Ankara in 1949. Very first actions for the facility of Imam Hatip schools started in 1951 under the Democrat Celebration federal government, which set up seven unique secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools encountered the risk of closure. Following the go back to civilian politics and the introduction of the brand-new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools might just enrol in university programmes if they had actually passed courses used at nonreligious schools. During the premiership of Süleyman Demirel however, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were given access to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état presented 2 essential reforms: first of all junior high Imam Hatip schools were abolished, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were relabelled as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were defined as occupation schools, where trainees were to be trained as preachers and ministers or prepared for greater education.
Imam Hatip schools grew slowly at first, however their numbers expanded rapidly to 334 throughout the 1970s. The coalition government of 1974, developed by the CHP and the MSP (National Salvation Party), committed to reopen junior high schools and offering the right of entry to university through examination. 230 new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a period of nearly four years. Throughout the 1974-75 school year the variety of students participating in to the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number subsequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, females got the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is typically pointed out as the impact of the National Redemption Party's subscription of a variety of coalitions with Nationalist Front federal governments.
Circumstance because 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a critical turning point in the history of Turkey and likewise for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools gained the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, 2 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the region, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the aim of adding to the education of children of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had actually not increased because, the number of trainees participating in Imam Hatip high schools has increased by 45%. This is partly due to the enhancement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education provided at such schools.
During the education year of 1973-74, the overall number of Imam Hatip students was 34,570; in 1997 this number had sharply increased to reach 511,502. Alongside this huge boost in popularity, the variety of schools likewise increased. The number of Imam Hatip junior high schools reached 601 and senior high schools 402. The boost in both trainee and school numbers can be associated to factors including the dedication of people to religion, dorm centers, scholarships, the admittance of women and an increase in need for spiritual education.
Research study recommends that between the years website of 1993 and 2000, potential trainees registered at Imam Hatip high schools primarily to get spiritual tutoring alongside a more general education.In addition, research study shows enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based exclusively on the student's choice. The third proposed element in the increase in appeal of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female students in 1976. By 1998, almost 100,000 women participated in Imam Hatip high schools, making up practically half of all trainees. This statistic is particularly exposing since females are not eligible to become either priests or ministers.
Nevertheless, the intro of eight years of required education in 1997 has actually seen an unexpected decline in the popularity of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "vocational schools" suggested that, although more alternatives had actually been offered to graduates, achieving places at prestigious university courses ended up being more difficult.By needing that all eight compulsory years of education be spent under the exact same primary-school roofing system, middle schools were eliminated. Children could not get in professional schools (one of them the Imam Hatip school) until the ninth grade (instead of the sixth, as before).